The Guarini Center regularly issues books, academic journal articles, legal briefs, policy papers and issue briefs. Please use the drop down menu to explore past publications.
Electrifying New York City’s School Bus Fleet: Legal & Policy Considerations December 2018 - Every year, school bus contractors drive 150,000 New York City children to school in approximately 9,000 diesel buses that harm public health and the environment. Diesel exhaust exposure increases the risk of cancer, heart disease, and respiratory symptoms, such as asthma. Exhaust and greenhouse gas emissions pollute the air and exacerbate the effects of climate […]
Do Mandatory Energy Audits Reduce Building Energy Use?: A Bayesian Analysis of New York City’s Local Law 87 November 2018 - Cities are experimenting with a range of policy and regulatory tools to reduce energy use in the building sector as a pathway to substantial carbon emission reductions. Increasingly, cities are turning to policies that reduce information asymmetries and knowledge gaps through data transparency, focusing on existing buildings and the potential to achieve up to 50% […]
Ocean Plastic Pollution: A Survey of Existing Global Agreements and Proposals for Reform November 2018 - Plastics present a relatively new and significant threat to the marine environment. Production and use of plastics has increased globally in the past decades, and much of it ends up adrift in the ocean. The impact of this marine plastic pollution is far-reaching. Plastic in the ocean does not biodegrade; rather, it breaks down again and […]
Climate-Friendly Diets: How Cities Can Cut Emissions and Improve Public Health July 2018 - In the United States, city governments have been among the most vocal actors in pledging climate action. Yet, in both their greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and their climate action plans, cities are often leaving out a significant piece of their own climate footprint—the GHG emissions embodied in the meat and dairy products consumed in cities. […]
Expanding Green Roofs in New York City: Towards a Location-Specific Tax Incentive July 2018 - Vegetated, or “green,” roofs provide numerous social and environmental benefits to urban areas. Compared with conventional roofs, green roofs promote biodiversity, reduce building energy use, decrease noise, and improve the productivity of solar photovoltaic installations. They can also mitigate the urban heat island effect and reduce stormwater runoff, thereby diminishing flooding and pollution of local waterways. […]